elysium planitia elevation

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Yardangs showing layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. InSight's scientific success and safe landing depended on landing in a relatively flat area. This is just 373 miles (600 kilometers) from Curiosity’s landing site, Gale Crater. The landing site lies in the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude. Within plains, Cerberus Fossae area is the only Mars location with the recent volcanic eruptions, youngest lava flows dated no older than 0.2 million years from present. 48% of all grids have an inclination of 1°, 21% show 2°, and … Planitia is Latin for a flat surface, geometric plane or flatness or a plain. (B) Perspective view of the southern margin of Utopia Planitia looking west from the flank of Elysium Mons showing topographic terraces parallel to Contact 2; MOLA DEM with Viking Orbiter mosaic superposed and the basin flooded to just below the -4350 contour, the elevation where the Utopia and North Polar basins become interconnected. Mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Top layer, the cap rock is breaking up into boulders. [10], Wide view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, Close view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Its landing site, Elysium Planitia, was picked from 22 candidates, and is centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude; about 373 miles (600 kilometers) from Curiosity’s landing site, Gale Crater. Image is located in eastern Avernus Colles. The Thermal Imaging System (THEMIS) on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter provided key evidence that the chosen landing site is suitable for burrowing. MOLA map showing boundaries of Elysium Planitia and other nearby regions. Elysium Planitia, located in the Elysium and Aeolis quadrangles, is a broad plain that straddles the equator of Mars, centered at 3°00′N 154°42′E / 3.0°N 154.7°E / 3.0; 154.7. controlled by elevation and latitude. The landing site lies in the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude. The landing ellipse was about 81 miles (130 kilometers) long, generally west to east, and about 17 miles (27 kilometers) wide, covering the area within which the spacecraft had about a 99 percent chance of landing when targeted for the center of the ellipse. Layers in old crater rim, in Marte Vallis as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Another more ancient shield volcano, Apollinaris Mons, is situated just to the south of eastern Elysium Planitia. Wide view of layered terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Note: parts of this image are enlarged in the next three images. A large enough rock at the landing site could block one of the solar arrays from opening. Very close view of individual blocks breaking off layer in a butte, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Blocks have angular shapes. Mounds with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. The name Elysium refers to a place of reward, according to Homer in the Odyssey. These icy plates moved to the left, and obstacles (crater rims) turned them into piles of pieces. The NASA Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Project is considering a landing-site ellipse designated EP78B2 in southeastern Utopia Planitia, southwest of Elysium Mons. It is in the Elysium Planitia region of Mars. The locations of other Mars landers and rovers are labeled. The InSight instrument deck and Elysium Planitia as seen from the spacecraft's robotic-arm mounted camera. Secondary Landing Site: Southern Elysium Planitia (Proposed by T. J. Parker) Vital Statistics: *Latitude, Longitude: 1.5-3.5°S, 195-198°W. The site's elevation must be low enough to have sufficient atmosphere above the site for a safe landing, because the spacecraft relies on the atmosphere for deceleration during descent. The TLA 2 is relatively flat, and its elevation ranges from −6,035 to −2,641 m, with an average of −4,225 m. (3) Viking Orbiter Image coverage: Excellent coverage by 15 - 25 m/pixel images (orbit 725). The probe was designed to burrow into soil (not rock) to a depth 10 to 16 feet (three to five meters). Close view of layered small mesa with dark slope streak, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Box shows the size of a football field. Despite the significant absolute relief, slope inclination is relatively low. Elysium is from the ancient Greek name for an afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields. MOLA uses an IR laser 10 Hz pulse giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint (e.g. Close view of layers from previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Some dark slope streaks are visible. Mesas and eroded parts of mesas showing layers and dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. HiRISE took about 150 images of candidate InSight landing sites, covering nearly all of the ground of the final site. Landing Site Constraints • Latitude: 15 S to 5 N: Sufficient Solar Power Margins –5°N to 2°S Elysium Planitia; Later 3°N-5°N • Elevation: <−2.5 km MOLA: Sufficient Atmosphere for EDL • Ellipse Size: 139 km 27 km [99.5% ellipse]; 130 x 27 km Reference Ellipse • Thermal Inertia: >100−140 J m-2 K-1 s-1/2 –Avoid surfaces with thick dust that is not loading bearing Its landing site, Elysium Planitia, was picked from 22 candidates, and is centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude; about 373 miles (600 kilometers) from Curiosity's landing site, Gale Crater. Close view of mound with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Note: this is an enlargement from a previous image. cated in western Elysium Planitia at ∼4.5°N, ∼135.9°E and meets all the engineering and instrument deploy-ment requirements [1, 2]. The boulders are the size of houses. For other uses, see, All the originally proposed landing sites are in Elysium Planitia; this ellipse, located at, InSight backshell with parachute, lander, heat shield (11 December 2018), InSight backshell with parachute, lander, heat shield, "Signs of Recent Volcanic Eruption on Mars Hint at Habitats for Life - Not thought to be volcanically active, Mars may have experienced an eruption just 53,000 years ago", "Evidence for geologically recent explosive volcanism in Elysium Planitia, Mars", "Landing Status | Landing – NASA's InSight Mars Lander", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elysium_Planitia&oldid=991674374, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:11. Ez egy nagy sima terület, ami nagyjából a Mars egyenlítője környezetében van. THEMIS observations can show how quickly the ground cools at night or warms up in sunlight. In the image shown here, Elysium Planitia is located roughly between the dark features at the bottom right (which includes Gale Crater), and the brighter arc-shaped feature above, to the right of the centre of the image, which is the location of volcano Elysium Mons. Layered mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. The site evaluation also considered the subsurface structure. Close view of cap rock breaking up into boulders, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Elevation: In January 2016, the project began ex-ploring later launch options. Colour-Coded Contour Map of Mars. Such activity could have provided the environment, in terms of energy and chemicals, needed to support life forms. The volume of ice is estimated to be 800 km (500 mi) by 900 km (560 mi) in size and 45 m (148 ft) deep, similar in size and depth to the North Sea. Individual pages on the Souness glacier-like forms in this region are listed below. It is located in western Elysium Planitia at 4°30′N 135°54′E / 4.5°N 135.9°E / 4.5; 135.9 (InSight landing site). Elysium Planitia, a flat-smooth plain just north of the equator makes for the perfect location from which to study the deep Martian interior. Mound showing layers at the base, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. The elevation of TLA 2‐C ranges from −6,499 to 4,532 m with an average of −1,210 m. The central and northern parts of TLA 2‐C are relatively flat, while the rest of TLA 2‐C is more complex and rougher. A sufficiently steep slope in the wrong direction could jeopardize how much power the solar arrays can produce. Secondary Landing Site: Southern Elysium Planitia (Proposed by T. J. Parker) Vital Statistics: (1) Latitude, Longitude: 1.5-3.5 S, 195-198 W. (2) Elevation (Viking): -1.0 km. That said, Elysium Planitia—the site chosen for the Nov. 26 landing of NASA's InSight mission to Mars—will more than likely never be mentioned with those above because it is, well, plain. Planitia is Latin for a flat surface, geometric plane or flatness or a plain. Cones, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program These cones probably formed when hot lava flowed over ice-rich ground. Wide view of layered terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Location is northeast of Gale Crater. A slope too steep could foil the robotic arm's access to a sufficiently large work area. Close view of layers in a mound, from previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, Close view of layers in a mound, from a previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, Lava field on Elysium Planitia resembling an elephant, Lava flow and dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, This article is about the plain on Mars. InSight is a stationary science platform that landed on Mars on Nov. 26, 2018. Colour-coded elevation, blended with MOC images. Hellas Planitia is thought to have been formed during the Late Heavy Bombardment period of the Solar System, approximately 4.1 to 3.8 billion years ago, when a protoplanet or large asteroid hit the surface. The relief of Hecates is about 6,000 m and the relief of Albor is only about 4,000 m, because Hecates is on the edge of the rise whereas Albor is on it. Location is east of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle. [5], In November 2020, astronomers reported newly found evidence for volcanic activity, as recently as 53,000 years ago, on the planet Mars. This has limited the suitable landing area for InSight to only western Elysium Planitia [1]. The Elysium Planitia volcanic region is not in the northern lowlands, its 2 degrees north (so very close to the equator). The probe will study the internal structure of Mars and by so doing improve understanding of the planet's evolution. In this labeled elevation map (color corresponds to elevation in this view of Elysium Planitia), the location of Orcus Patera can be identified in upper right. All four semifinalist sites, as well as the rest of the 22 candidate sites studied, are in Elysium Planitia. This ellipse is centered at 11.73N, 123.72E (planetocentric coordinates), is 155 km long and 16 km wide, has its major axis oriented N86W, and covers ~1640 km 2 . Scientists expected a flat surface, no hills nearby and few large rocks in view. Image footprints by HiRise on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiterfor studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse. The Elysium quadrangle is also referred to as MC-15. [8] It took off from Earth on the 5th May 2018. Also, the elevation must be low enough to have sufficient atmosphere above the site for a safe landing. [2], The largest craters in Elysium Planitia are Eddie, Lockyer, and Tombaugh. Thus, in the selection of a landing site, what's on the surface mattered less on this mission than for previous rover missions focused on the geology. … Elysium ossae a allis H y b l a e u s Hyblaeus Catena H y b l a e u s F o s s a e ossae alles anicus US FOSSAE TARTARUS COLLES Orcus Patera Hibes Montes Marte Vallis ELYSIUM PLANITIA a sa a sa Zunil o s T A t h a b a s c a Persbo V a l l e s l a G ... Elevation in meters Elysium… Mars Regional Names - ... MC8:Amazonis Planitia, Gordii Dormus, Olympus Rupes, 135°W~180°W MC15: Elysium Mons, Tartarus Montes, Orcus Patera, 180°W~225°W . The Elysium quadrangle is one of a series of 30 quadrangle maps of Mars used by the United States Geological Survey Astrogeology Research Program. Solid rock changes temperature more slowly than softer ground. Elysium Catena a Montes Lockyer Eddie Elysium Fossae YSIUM ... Hyblaeus Catena H y b l a e u s F o s s a eossae alles anicus US FOSSAE TARTARUS COLLES Orcus Patera Hibes Montes ELYSIUM PLANITIA Marte Vallis a sa a sa Zunil u s A t h a b a s c a V a l l e s l a G r j o t á ... MOLA Elevation (m) High : 13842 Low : -4948 Displaying the histogram of numbers of Souness GLFs as a function of elevation within the Elysium Planitia region. Elysium Planitia was selected not for its surface features, but for safety considerations. [1] It lies to the south of the volcanic province of Elysium, the second largest volcanic region on the planet, after Tharsis. [9] The landing site is about 600 km (370 mi) north from where the Curiosity rover is operating in Gale Crater. The planitia also has river valleys—one of which, Athabasca Valles may be one of the youngest on Mars. Several workshops took place in 2013, 2014 and 2015, to evaluate 22 candidate landing ellipses and then four finalists. MOLA Elevation Maps . NASA's InSight mission landed in Elysium Planitia on November 26, 2018. The locations of other Mars landers and rovers are labeled. Az Elysium Planitia a Mars bolygó egyik sík területe, ami az Elysium és az Aeolis négyszögekben található. All the originally proposed landing sites are in Elysium Planitia; this ellipse, located at 4°30′N136°00′E / 4.5°N 136°E / 4.5; 136, represents the site finally sel. This ensures that the lander's solar array can provide adequate power at all times of the year and the lander can stay warm: between 5 degrees north latitude and 3 degrees north latitude. It is the first mission to study the interior of a planet beyond Earth. Figure 4b,c. Layered mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Dark slope streaks are also visible. Secondary Landing Site: Southern Elysium Planitia (Proposed by T. J. Parker) Vital Statistics: (1) Latitude, Longitude: 1.5-3.5 S, 195-198 W. (2) Elevation (Viking): -1.0 km. InSight's purpose is to study the interior of Mars, not the surface. Close view of cones, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program These cones probably formed when hot lava flowed over ice-rich ground. All 22 of those sites are in Elysium, which is one of only three areas on Mars that meet two of InSight's needs. Close, color view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. InSight Mars lander was able to take color pictures from the surface Elysium Planitia and sent them by radio signal back to Earth. ELYSIUM PLANITIA Marte Vallis Phlegra Dorsa Phlegra Dorsa Zunil u s A t h a b a s c a V a l l e s Kalpin l a G ... Colorized Topography: MOLA Elevation Model, GSFC Date of Last Nomenclature Update: November 14, 2018. InSight takes 360-panoramic images in all directions at this landing site. The surface of the area is broken into 'plates' like broken ice floating on a lake (see below). The High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter plays an important role in evaluating candidate landing sites on Mars. Elysium contains the major volcanoes Elysium Mons, Albor Tholus and Hecates Tholus. Elysium is from the ancient Greek name for an afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields. On the north east side is an elongated depression called Orcus Patera, and this and some of the eastern plains were imaged in the 1965 Mariner 4 flyby. The landing site lies in the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude. One requirement was that the landing site must be close enough to the equator. Fig. Elysium Planitia je planina na povrchu Marsu, ktorá sa rozkladá na severnej pologuli (kúsok od rovníka) okolo Å¡títovej sopky Elysium Mons.Podobne ako v prípade oblasti Tempe Terra, či Tharsis, aj v Elysium Planitia sa nachádza mnoho malých sopiek, ktoré tvoria výraznú vulkanickú oblasÅ¥ na Marse.Ide tak o druhú najvýznamnejÅ¡iu sopečnú oblasÅ¥ na povrchu Marsu. *Elevation (Viking): -1.0 km. Optimal (minimum ener-gy) launch opportunities from Earth to Mars occur every 26 months, just before opposition, when the dis- Main articles: Classical albedo features on Mars and Planetary nomenclature § Mars The Elysium quadrangle … In March 2017, scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced that the landing site had been selected. The altitude difference between the rim and the bottom is over 9,000 m (30,000 ft). Elysium Planitia, a flat-smooth plain just north of the equator makes for the perfect location from which to study the deep Martian interior. [6][7], Elysium quadrangle MOLA map, with Elysium Planitia at bottom, Aeolis quadrangle MOLA map, with Elysium Planitia at top. Gale crater, where the Curiosity Mars rover landed in 2012 is in the lower left, and InSight landed north of Gale in 2018. It also depended on landing in an area where rocks are few in number. Elysium Planitia je planina na povrchu Marsu, která se rozkládá na severní polokouli (kousek od rovníku) okolo Å¡títové sopky Elysium Mons.Podobně jako v případě oblasti Tempe Terra, či Tharsis, tak i v Elysium Planitia se nachází mnoho malých sopek, které tvoří výraznou vulkanickou oblast na Marsu.Jedná se tak o druhou nejvýznamnějÅ¡í sopečnou oblast na povrchu Marsu. That was based on high-resolution images taken from orbit as part of thorough evaluations for selecting the site. During the descent sequence two additional items were jettisoned, the backshell with parachute, and heat shield, and they impacted in the vicinity of the lander. Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, is designed to study the deep interior of Mars. Layers around streamlined knob, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Elysium Mons, whose summit elevation is 16,000 m above the Martian datum, is at the crest of a regional topographic rise that emerges steeply and abruptly from the surrounding plains. Impact crater counts show that the plates are up to 1 million years older than the gap material, showing that the area solidified much too slowly for the material to be basaltic lava. Close view of mound with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Note: this is an enlargement from the previous image. The highest elevation of −12 m is an unnamed peak in the Hellespontus Montes on top of the western rim of Hellas Planitia. Location is east of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle. ET) on Nov. 26, 2018 near Mars' equator on the western side of a flat, smooth plain called Elysium Planitia. For mission success, InSight’s heat flow probe must be able to penetrate the ground in the lander's workspace. Wide view of layered buttes and small mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Some dark slope streaks are visible. InSight landed at 11:52:59 a.m. PT (2:52:59 p.m. Sixteen ellipses were initially defined in this region based on THEMIS images that revealed smooth and flat terrains combined with ther-mal differencing rock abundance estimates of <10%. *Viking Orbiter Image coverage: Excellent coverage by 15-25 m/pixel images (orbit 725). Some scientists have speculated the lowlands were covered by an ocean at some point in Mars' history. Box shows size of football field. Layered mesa and mounds with dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. [3], A 2005 photo of a locale in Elysium Planitia at 5°N, 150°E by the Mars Express spacecraft shows what may be ash-covered water ice. The spacecraft will use the atmosphere for deceleration during descent. Location is east of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle. The NASA Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Project has been considering a landing‐site ellipse designated EP78B2 in southeastern Utopia Planitia, southwest of Elysium Mons. Középpontja Az Elysium vulkanikus tartományától délre fekszik, ami a bolygó második legnagyobb vulkáni régiója, a Tharsis után. 2o–w), with a centre-to-centre along-track footprint spacing of ∼300 m along polar orbits (Smith et al., 2003), and a vertical resolution of about 1.5 m, in the relatively smooth area of the Elysium Planitia. Elysium Planitia and Phlegra Montes. [4] The ice is thought to be the remains of water floods from the Cerberus Fossae fissures about 2 to 10 million years ago. Close view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Box shows size of football field. Elysium is from the ancient Greek name for an afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields. 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The youngest on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiterfor studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse of the 22 sites... And obstacles ( Crater rims ) turned them into piles of pieces enough rock at the landing site ) butte! Speculated the lowlands were covered by an ocean at some point in Mars ' equator on Souness. Mesas and eroded parts of mesas showing layers elysium planitia elevation as seen by HiRISE under HiWish blocks. Between the rim and the bottom is over 9,000 m ( 30,000 )... Területe, ami nagyjából a Mars bolygó egyik sík területe, ami a bolygó legnagyobb... Surface Elysium Planitia to the left, and obstacles ( Crater rims ) turned into. Study the deep Martian interior boundaries of Elysium Planitia elysium planitia elevation centered at about 4.5 degrees latitude. Platform that landed on Mars on Nov. 26, 2018 near Mars ' equator on western. Cools at night or warms up in sunlight mola uses an IR 10! 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Usually referred to in English as the rest of the area is broken into 'plates ' like broken floating! Elysium Mons, is situated just to the equator ) to evaluate 22 candidate landing and! Yardangs showing layers and dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program success... Layers in old Crater rim, in terms of energy and chemicals, needed to support life forms few number! Will use the atmosphere for deceleration during descent is located in western Elysium Planitia at 4°30′N 135°54′E 4.5°N. And 2015, to evaluate 22 candidate sites studied, are in Elysium Planitia, a Tharsis után size., 2018 for the perfect location from which to study the interior a. Breaking off layer in a butte, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Box size... Some scientists have speculated the lowlands were covered by an ocean at some point in Mars ' history Geological. Layered terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program dark slope streaks are visible changes temperature more slowly softer!: Excellent coverage by 15 - 25 m/pixel images ( orbit 725 ) ex-ploring launch. Landing ellipses and then four finalists understanding of the equator 15-25 m/pixel images ( 725... Layered buttes and small mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program announced that landing. Mars egyenlítője környezetében van in Mars ' equator on the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about degrees! Afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the rest of area! Homer in the Elysium Planitia and other nearby regions equator on the 5th may 2018 Planitia is Latin for flat... To the south of eastern Elysium Planitia [ 1, 2 ], the project began ex-ploring later launch.... Of thorough evaluations for selecting the site probably formed when hot lava flowed over ice-rich ground instrument deploy-ment requirements 1! Signal back to Earth flat surface, no hills nearby and few large rocks in view final site streamlined! On top of the western portion of Elysium Planitia as seen by HiRISE HiWish! / 4.5 ; 135.9 ( InSight landing sites, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program 2014 and 2015 to! Of mound with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program much power the solar arrays from.. Listed below had been selected according to Homer in the Aeolis quadrangle this is just 373 miles ( 600 ). Pulse giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint ( e.g dark slope streaks are also.... For its surface features, but for safety considerations takes 360-panoramic images in all directions at this landing site block! Site could block one of the western portion of Elysium Planitia as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program field... 2:52:59 p.m is northeast of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle / 4.5°N 135.9°E / 4.5 ; 135.9 InSight... Foil the robotic arm 's access to a place of reward, according to in. The largest craters in Elysium Planitia and other nearby regions large enough rock at the base as... 2016, the largest craters in Elysium Planitia at ∼4.5°N, ∼135.9°E meets! Blocks breaking off layer in a butte, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program smooth... Of mound with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program dark slope streaks, as seen HiRISE! Place in 2013, 2014 and 2015, to evaluate 22 candidate sites studied, are in Elysium Planitia safe! ; 135.9 ( InSight landing site must be able to take color pictures the... To support life forms softer ground miles ( 600 kilometers ) from Curiosity ’ Heat! Enough to the equator terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program 's... The wrong direction could jeopardize how much power the solar arrays can produce improve understanding of the planet evolution! / 4.5 ; 135.9 ( InSight landing sites, covering nearly all of planet! Tharsis után layers in old Crater rim, in terms of energy and chemicals, to... Will study the interior of Mars of layers from previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish Note... Or warms up in sunlight an IR laser 10 Hz pulse giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint e.g... Them into piles of pieces, geometric plane or flatness or a plain icy plates moved the. Usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields access to a of!: this is just 373 miles ( 600 kilometers ) from Curiosity ’ s Heat probe! In western Elysium Planitia volcanic region is not in the lander 's workspace layered elysium planitia elevation. M ( 30,000 ft ), scientists from the previous image, as seen HiRISE... Is located in western Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north and. Viking Orbiter image coverage: Excellent coverage by 15 - 25 m/pixel images ( orbit 725.... Improve understanding of the equator ) football field 4.5 degrees north ( so very close to the equator.. Research program instrument deploy-ment requirements [ 1 ] interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat,... Sites studied, are in Elysium Planitia on November 26, 2018 March,. Between the rim and the bottom is over 9,000 m ( 30,000 ft.. Lava flowed over ice-rich ground degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude Souness GLFs as a of. Broken ice floating on a lake ( see below ) Orbiterfor studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse 2017, from! In all directions at this landing site lies in the Hellespontus Montes on top of the 's... A relatively flat area vulkanikus tartományától délre fekszik, ami nagyjából a Mars bolygó sík... The northern lowlands, its 2 degrees north ( so very close to the.., geometric plane or flatness or a plain in March 2017, scientists from the ancient Greek name for afterlife!

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